THE IMPLEMENTATION OF SCHOOL BASED CURRICULUM AND GENRE BASED APPROACH IN SMPN 2 BANDUNG INDONESIA

                   

School Based Curriculum  or KTSP (Kurikulum Tingkat Satuan Pendidikan) is a curriculum which gives the schools independency in designing, developing, and implementing the curriculum based on their own situation, condition and potential. There are principles that should be considered in developing curriculum based on KTSP (1) oriented in potential , development, needs and importance of students (2) varied and integrated (3) responsive to science, technology and art (4) relevant to life needs (5) general and continued (6) long life learning (7) balanced with national and local needs. (Muhaimin,Sutiah&Prabowo,2008:22-23)

In developing curriculum and syllabus, the school should refer to the guidance which is conducted by The Committee of Educational National Standard or BNSP ( Badan Nasional Standar Pendidikan) . BNSP develops Content Standard (Standar Isi) and Graduate Competence Standard (Standar Kompetensi Lulusan) which includes basis framework and curriculum structure as the principle in developing the curriculum.

The release of English curriculum is underpinned by systemic functional linguistics (SFL) and involves the genre-based approach (GBA) that is concerned with the relationship between language and its function in social settings. It indicates that Indonesian government's is aware to the necessity for the teaching of English which is functional and which can lead to students' ability in using the language in context.

According to the Content Standard, the ultimate goal of learning English is to make the students to be able to able to participate in discourse or to communicate idea, feelings, etc. in spoken and written English accurately, fluently, and in acceptable manners. In competence standard of English Subject for Junior High school, there are four competencies that students should achieve: listening, speaking, reading and writing. 

Developing  English syllabus at SMPN 2 Bandung Indonesia is based on the learning characteristics at this school and also its condition and need. SMPN 2 Bandung  which is now a Piloting International Standard School (RintisanSekolahBerstandarInternasional- RSBI) has a good input of students, a good support from parents, a complete infrastructure, a good learning environment, etc.Teachers at SMPN 2 Bandung develop syllabus in school’s MGMP by adapting the syllabus that they made from the syllabus guidelines from BNSP based on the subject’s characteristics, students’ potentiality, school’s need and condition. The development of English syllabus is aimed to the development of competency to communicate in both spoken and written which integrated four skills: listening, speaking, reading and writing. 

Teachers  at SMPN 2 Bandung develop syllabus in school’s MGMP by adapting the syllabus that they made from the syllabus guidelines from BNSP based on the subject’s characteristics, students’ potentiality, school’s need and condition. The development of English syllabus is aimed to the development of competency to communicate in both spoken and written which integrated four skills: listening, speaking, reading and writing. 

Teachers'  creativity in developing learning material and method is demanded professionally. The learning activity is a student centered learning and the teacher as a facilitator. The time allocation in syllabus is based on the situation and condition of teaching – learning activity in the school. The development of Basic Competence into indicators depends on the learning materials, activity and teachers’ creativity.

The  teaching of English is developed with the framework of Genre Based Approach   and It seems to pose some challenges  for  the teachers. They should not only  pay attention to linguistic aspects but also to strategic competence, socio cultural and discourse aspects. Given this challenge, The teachers who have been accustomed to conventional teaching which emphasizes on linguistics aspects need to switch to a new teaching paradigm.

However,  this new paradigm sometimes lead to the confusion and problems, for example :    In Indonesia, there are 30-48 students in a classrooms. As a result the situation may not be effective. The students can be bored, stuck and noisy if the teacher doesn’t creatively design the learning method, so the atmosphere cannot support the effectiveness of the learning process.

Actually, GBA has variant texts of genres that can be taught in interesting way. Students are expected to involve to create making- meaning situation in the kind of genres. But the thorny questions are arisen   :

How to make all of the students get involve in meaning- making situation?  How to find the suitable teaching materials that familiar with students daily life?  Because language is fundamentally contextual and second language pedagogy should focus on teaching language as it really used by speakers and writers in meaning making situations and how to scaffold students in an interactive cycle of teaching and learning ?

The questions are answered by the meaningful activities which are created by the teachers, such as : Role Playing, Discussion, Debating, Writing Process, Singing and Poetry Reading,

Those activities are beneficial to enhance students' abilty in English. The implementation of the activities in SMPN 2 Bandung Indonesia can be seen from the pictures  which are attached to this article.

@ Inggy Yuliani Pribady @

Comments

every juicy couture handbags step hollister clothing of soccer shoes outlet life.Many coach bags friday times, hornets jersey life mizuno always oakley like air force to vans give polo ralph lauren a vans shoes hint nfl ravens jerseys of washington wizards jerseys shallow nike air deep mlb jerseys sadness. toms.com Some hollister co people jimmy choo outlet are nfl buccaneers jerseys destined ralph lauren uk only pandora charms way air max of adidas online shop life easton bats Peiqia, abercrombie and fitch kids came polo ralph lauren outlet next, ray ban outlet rode milwaukee bucks jerseys the nba jersey train the north face outlet youth ralph lauren uk whereabouts michael kors outlet online distance. rayban Leaving adidas clothings only cheap michael kors one nfl chargers jerseys of levis outlet the oakley holbrook picture: hermes tracksuits meet hollister online shop friend nfl patriots jerseys who nfl broncos jerseys accompanied utah jazz jerseys the free running scene; hogan a atl jerseys memory: barbour once swarovski crystal had nfl chiefs jerseys happy air yeezy hour. tommy hilfiger online shop Sometimes: ralph lauren factory store not ralph lauren outlet that michael kors we ray ban pas cher cherish iphone 4s cases too coach black friday little, longchamp black friday but burberry outlet online time wholesale handbags is nike shoes running reebok out nfl rams jerseys too air max shoes fast. p90x3 Want air max thea to coach bags outlet reach ralph lauren out jimmy choo and north face outlet grab, michael kors purses touch longchamp has christian louboutin been nike roshe run less mbt shoes than pandora jewellery australia the north face backpacks figure; michael kors outlet want burberry to swarovski online shop go polo ralph back lebron james shoes and abercrombie and fitch look, ralph lauren has polo ralph been giuseppe zanotti sneakers invisible oakley sunglasses outlet trail. huaraches Perhaps, ray ban this tommy hilfiger canada is uggs life. louboutin shoes The cheap michael kors helpless beats headphones sigh, boutique clothing her michael kors purses heart ray ban sunglasses outlet gradually louboutin shoes keep toms shoes outlet a nhl jerseys miss. louboutin Can montblanc do nfl bills jerseys is: coach factory with portland trail blazers jerseys mouth ralph lauren outlet online Raising toms.com beautiful long champ arc, polo outlet online with timberland outlet tears nike outlet once hermes birkin bag beautiful barbour mens jackets memorial. nfl bengals jerseys Time nike will polo ralph lauren slowly bottega tell michael kors handbags you: oakley standard issue not baseball jerseys really nfl jaguars jerseys leave nfl saints jerseys once oakley outlet had, ralph lauren outlet online but burberry outlet online not uggs black friday the giuseppe zanotti last nike factory to coach outlet usa find michael kors back. north face jackets Like, iphone 5s cases falling air max as; burberry outlet online truly, not nike outlet now air max 90 get, huarache but air jordan can vibram five fingers accompany burberry outlet a rolex watches person's ed hardy life. new balance Like, adidas a basketball shoes shadow. nfl jerseys Feel north face a woolrich clearance belief, kate spade handbags the ray ban pas cher intentions nfl falcons jerseys of oakley black friday perception toms outlet of minnesota timberwolves jerseys life. adidas online shop Listen hollister kids carefully sacramento kings jerseys to abercrombie your nba jersey inner ralph lauren polo voice, ray bans with long champ a thunder jerseys firm pumas conviction bcbg max to roshe face cheap oakley sunglasses this oakley vault live clippers jerseys this ferragamo shoes life.Some 76ers jerseys people michaelkors.com say oakley that nfl dolphins jerseys reality polo ralph lauren outlet is pandora too tommy hilfiger outlet stores real, nfl colts jerseys too coach factory outlet online fake kate spade bags promises; hermes birkin human oakley pas cher too louboutin shoes cold, new balance store the michael kors world puma online shop is burberry outlet too true religion jeans women weak. tommy hilfiger online May mcm bags really burberry handbags be adidas.nl this: nike shoes there nfl cowboys jerseys is michael kors outlet something coach outlet online that abercrombie kids can kate spade outlet only veneta say purses and handbags that mcm handbags they the north face listen michael kors to nfl seahawks jerseys their michael kors own; pandora jewelry there nfl packers jerseys are thomas sabo some chi flat iron things tory burch sale can nba jersey only celtics jerseys pour mavericks jerseys tears abercrombie fitch to longchamp handbags complete; new balance shoes some air max pas cher people nfl azcardinals jerseys can toronto raptors jerseys only nhl jerseys endured converse outlet the versace pain wholesale handbags to golden state warriors forget. longchamp Life pandora bracelet has salvatore ferragamo too nike uk many instyler troubles prada shoes need nfl panthers jerseys to michael kors black friday forget, barbour jackets outlet there air jordan retro is oakley outlet online too armani watches much coach outlet store joy burberry need michael kors outlet online to nfl jets jerseys dig. nike air max If swarovski jewelry you oakley sunglasses love dsquared2 sale silence, jerseys from china let celine outlet the ray ban black friday heart michael kors uhren to hogan sito ufficiale experience; true religion jeans outlet if memphis grizzlies jerseys the salomon dream marc jacobs handbags is philipp plein clothes difficult mcm backpack now, asics let nike roche to nfl raiders jerseys go ray-ban sunglasses rock nike climbing; phoenix suns jerseys if nike factory outlet love nike free has doudoune north face done, kate spade handbags let designer handbags go plein shoes when coach factory outlet buried nike free cover. michael kors outlet Life true religion jeans outlet as air max experience, new balance so cheap true religion understand; ralph lauren outlet human, nfl 49ers jerseys because coach black friday distant, hermes belt so true religion outlet cold; nike roshe run morals, north face canada because omega to chrome hearts clothings survive, huarache so coach outlet ruthless.The prada sunglasses most ray ban uk likely swarovski canada unhappy cheap jordans life, nike air max life nike mercurial is red bottom shoes never nfl giants jerseys as omega watches we coach factory outlet wish, rolex watches it burberry handbags would: toms shoes make hollister people new balance cry, louboutin shoes your timberland shoes heart lacoste outlet broken; michael kors bags let longchamp love michael kors handbags silent, nfl redskins jerseys so adidas shoes the jordan retro 11 situation converse is prada handbags difficult flat iron now. michael kors handbags The spurs jerseys only beats by dr dre understand northface that givenchy life nike id is mcm bags their michael kors own: hollister co sad hugo boss vent nike running shoes understand, prada understand nike roshe run relaxed gooses depressed, ray bans sad polo ralph lauren outlet online heart nfl texans jerseys to ray ban understand swarovski crystal the uhren shop smile, shoes outlet has nike roshe run been dsquared2 shoes know replica watches to juicy couture clothings cherish, hollister clothing store understand nuggets jersey lost michael kors outlet online forget. nike store Himself cheap oakley never toms shoes outlet bullied cheap coach purses themselves nfl lions jerseys make hilfiger outlet things fendi shoes difficult ralph lauren black friday for abercrombie.com yourself, coach outlet your adidas zx own vans life indiana pacers jerseys is babyliss flat iron your ray ban sunglasses only new orleans pelicans jerseys best jordans intentions cle Jerseys to nfl jerseys yourself.Flowers oakley sunglasses only toms outlet for ralph lauren love ferragamo wither, bcbg max azria leaves timberland pas cher only oakley tears bulls jersey and nfl bears jerseys wandering. burberry handbags Whatever coach outlet store the ray ban outlet reality rockets jerseys of mcm backpack outlet how north face ruthless, easton bats how mlb jerseys small toms shoes outlet hope. michael kors black friday There supra shoes are pandora charms always brooklyn nets some nfl vikings jerseys people adidas have cheap ray ban been nike air max 90 silent burberry sale support calvin klein outlet behind prada outlet you tn requin pas cher care nike free trainer 5.0 about ray ban you. ray-ban sunglasses Disappointed true religion when tory burch sale you tory burch give cheap eyeglasses hope rolex watch to barbour outlet store keep celine outlet online you horloges warm longchamp outlet when swarovski lonely, michael kors outlet online sale discouraged nike air max when michael kors bags you wedding dress give valentino shoes you beats by dre headphones the coach outlet online courage converse sneakers to canada gooses give thomas sabo encouragement. oakley sunglasses cheap Even nfl titans jerseys if under armour outlet you're oakley store poor asics gel again, marc jacobs handbags fail dre headphones again, christian louboutin but converse in new york knicks jersey their eyeglasses frames hearts omega watches are detroit pistons jersey the cheap barbour jackets best air max of oakley the timberland boots best. oakley sunglasses cheap Years air max 95 no ray ban prezzi trace, lakers jersey PASSING ray ban wayfarer unintentionally. jordan retro Remember: cheap oakley sunglasses Some nike soccer shoes people tory burch handbags are montre femme slowly nike shoes

burberry outlet online air jordan shoes burberry handbags coach factory online burberry outlet online omega watches cheap ray ban miami heat jersey nfl eagles jerseys michael kors outlet online sale orlando magic jerseys rolex replica michael kors bags nfl browns jerseys tommy hilfiger michael kors outlet online sale tommy hilfiger outlet nfl steelers jerseys nike