Country Profile: Jordan
Geography: Jordan borders Saudi Arabia to the east and south-east, Iraq to the north-east, Syria to the north and the West Bank and Israel to the west, sharing control of the Dead Sea. Jordan's only port is at its south-western tip, at the Gulf of Aqaba, which is shared with Israel, Egypt, and Saudi Arabia. Over half of Jordan is covered by the Arabian Desert. However, the western part of Jordan has arable land and many forests. The Great Rift Valley of the Jordan River separates Jordan, the west bank and Israel. The highest point in the country is Jabal Umm al Dami, it is 1,854 m above sea level, its top is also covered with snow, while the lowest is the Dead Sea −420 m.
Climate: The climate in Jordan is semi-dry in summer with average temperature in the mid 30 °C and relatively cold in winter averaging around 13 °C. Most of the land receives less than 620 mm of rain a year and may be classified as a semi dry region. Precipitation is often concentrated in violent storms, causing erosion and local flooding, especially in the winter months. The Jordan Valley forms a narrow climatic zone that annually receives up to 900 mm (35.4 in) of rain in the northern reaches; rain dwindles to less than 120 mm (4.7 in) at the head of the Dead Sea.
World Development Indicators database; ; Energy Information Administration, USDepartment of Energy; All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008; Energy Information Administration; CIA World Factbook, 28 July 2005